Basic Facts about Ghana

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The country Ghana has its capital as the GreaterAccra, which is also the largest city in the country. Accra is a port city along the Atlantic coast. Established in 1877, Accra was also the capital of the British colony, GoldCoast.
Ghana is located in Western Africa along the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees above the equator.

It borders Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east.

Ghana has an area of approximately 238,500 square kilometers (or about 92,100 square miles) with the population ofabout 27.5 million.

The Ten Administrative Regions have their capitals as:

  • Ashanti – Kumasi
  • Brong-Ahafo – Sunyani
  • Central – Cape Coast
  • Eastern – Koforidua
  • Greater Accra – Accra
  • Northern – Tamale
  • Upper East – Bolgatanga
  • Upper West – Wa
  • Volta – Ho
  • Western – Sekrondi-Takoradi

Ghana’s currency is called the cedi (GHS). The name “cedi” means Cowry shell, which was once used as currency in the country.
Ghana is one of the world’s fastest growing economies. The country has many natural resources, and is one of the topgold producing countries in the world. Agriculture is also central to Ghana’s economy, producing cocoa, rice, peanuts, timber, and more. Tourism has been rapidly increasing, and adding to Ghana’s growing economy. Ghana has recently begun produce oil offshore.

The quest for gold brought European traders beginning in the 15th century. The first European country to form settlements in Ghana was Portugal, followed by the Dutch. In the mid-seventeenth century, Britain, Denmark, and Sweden joined the other European nations in colonizing Ghana. The UK called their portion of Ghana the Gold Coast. After World War II, the people of the Gold Coast formed the United Gold Coast Convention which rioted and fought for independence with the Convention People’s Party. Their leader was Kwame Nkrumah, who later became the president of the newly formed Ghana, which was made from the merging of British colonies the Gold Coast and Togoland. Nkrumah led negotiations with the United Kingdom, eventually declaring Ghana’s independenceon March 6, 1957, making it the first sub-Saharan country to become independent.

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What is the origin of Ghana’s name?
The Ghana Empire was an ancient civilization in northwestern Africa that lasted until 1235. The Ghana Empire was located north of what is now Ghana, in Senegal and Mauritania. The British colonies Gold Coast and Togoland adopted the name Ghana,

which means Warrior King, when merging their colonies to form a single country.
English is the official language of Ghana, and French is taught in many schools, but there are around 80 regional languages also spoken around the country. Some of the major regional languages spoken are Asante, Ewe, Fante, Ga, and Dagomba.